Porteur
Célia Alves
Session
Co-porteur(s)
Teresa Nunes, Ana Vicente, Margarita Evtyugina, Carla Viegas, Nóra Kóvats, Xavier Querol
Titre
Schools Tackling Estarreja's Air Pollution (STEP)
Résumé
Children are in school for one-third of their normal day where bad indoor air quality (IAQ) emerges as a real problem. As in most countries, schools in Portugal are not subject to regular monitoring of IAQ and its health effects. STEP has Estarreja as a case study, and aims to answer the following 3 main questions: What causes air pollution in and around schools? What are the effects? What are the possible solutions to tackle it? A citizen-science initiative to monitor indoor and outdoor air quality in and around primary and kindergarten school classrooms is proposed, involving multipollutant monitoring and the application, for the first time, of new disciplines, such as analytical toxicology, microbial genomics, and occupational epidemiology. In addition to regulated pollutants and comfort parameters, a bioburden assessment will be done, including the detection of toxigenic fungi and antimicrobial-resistance genes. Dust will be chemically characterised and subject to a toxicological screening to obtain stressor-response patterns. A cross-sectional study in which pupils will be diagnosed by means of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire will be conducted to estimate the burden and risk factors of diseases. Multivariate models will be applied to search for associations between air quality, respiratory health, and absenteeism. A dosimetry model will be used for risk assessment and development of occupational exposure limits for inhaled particles. A set of guidelines and good practices will be proposed for effective IAQ management and behavioural changes towards a healthy school environment.
Type
Projet OHMs
OHM(s) concerné(s)
  • OHM Estarreja
Disciplines
Chimie, Éco-épidémiologie, Génomique, Santé publique

Porteur

Célia
Alves
Célia Alves holds a PhD degree in Environmental Applied Sciences from the University of Aveiro. Since 2005 she is Researcher at CESAM (Centre from Environmental and Marine Studies), one of the Research Units of the University of Aveiro, and leads the Atmospheric Chemistry Group. She is Editor-in-Chief of “Air Quality, Atmosphere and Health”, associate editor of “Atmospheric Research” and Member of the Editorial Board of “Atmosphere”. She has been acting as expert evaluator in several international (e.g., research projects in Austria, Poland, Chile, Finland, UK and Switzerland) funding programmes. Her research interests include:
 Air pollution chemistry;
 Photochemical pollution;
 Aerosols and climate change;
 Carbonaceous aerosols and organic tracers;
 In situ measurements of atmospheric aerosols;
 Aerosol source apportionment;
 Chromatographic techniques applied to aerosols;
 Biomass burning emissions;
 Exhaust and non-exhaust emissions from traffic;
 Toxicology of particulate matter (mutagenicity, cytotoxicity, ecotoxicity)
 Health risk assessment;
 Indoor air quality.
Participation in some research projects:
- Chemical and toxicological SOurce PROfiling of particulate matter in urban air, SOPRO
- ATHEROFIT: Phytochemical-based metabolic immunomodulation to prevent/attenuate particulate matter-mediated atherosclerosis
- AIRUSE - Testing and Development of Air Quality Mitigation Measures in Southern Europe, LIFE11 ENV/ES/000584
- URBE - Source apportionment of URBan Emissions of primary particulate matter
- Investigation of mineral dust at two measurement stations at the northern and southern islands at Cape Verde: harmonization of techniques, data evaluation and intercomparison of results
- Size distribution of carbonaceous aerosol particles at different Iberian locations
- SINPHONIE - Schools Indoor Pollution and Health: Observatory Network in Europe
- BIOEMI - Contribution of biomass...

Participants

Xavier
Querol
Research Professor leads the EGAR group at IDAEA-CSIC. Main focus on atmospheric pollution, waste valorisation and applied geochemistry. Supervisor of 26 PhD Theses. >500 articles in SCI journals. Member of LRTAP-UNECE, WHO and EC committees and working groups advising on air quality and climate directives. 2013 Award “Rey Jaime I” for the Protection of the Environment. Included in the ISI Highly Cited Scientists. More than 58,000 citations; H-factor=123.
https://www.idaea.csic.es/egar
ORCID: 0000-0002-6549-9899